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Youngs article on Pesher Habakkuk in JHS 2008).
There we include a variety of other considerations about the difficulties of using Persian loanwords in linguistic dating, such as the fact that absence of Persian loanwords is characteristic of various definitely post-exilic works, and hence the argument from absence for an early date is not compelling, or the evidence that Hebrew came into contact with Iranian languages before the exile.
Statements to the effect that we believe or assert that Gesenius, Driver, Kropat, Kutscher, Polzin, Hurvitz, Joosten, Eskhult, etc.The place of P in the debate on the chronological relationship of different varieties of Hebrew needs a lot more work. Should historical linguistic methodology be applied to ancient Hebrew?(We know of some ongoing linguistic-oriented work, and we will add our contribution soon.) In summary: 1. Yes, of course, all natural languages have histories! Yes, why not, and we have never said or intimated otherwise. Has historical linguistic methodology been effectively applied to biblical Hebrew? Can biblical Hebrew texts be dated on a linguistic basis? We will be very clear about this: The point of Linguistic Dating of Biblical Texts was not to write a history of biblical Hebrew, nor to develop a historical linguistic approach to biblical Hebrew, but to confront head-on recent attempts to assign dates of origin to biblical writings on the basis of linguistic data.Therefore, the argument we are formulating in a book in progress, Diachrony in Biblical Hebrew: Steps Toward an Integrated Approach, is that historical linguistic research on biblical Hebrew (setting aside the anomalous and unsound matter of linguistic dating, what our previous books were all about and sought to discredit) must more carefully and fully integrate historical, literary, textual and linguistic disciplines, the latter including also corpus linguistics, a variationist approach, and typological linguistics. Actually, there are indications in the review that Joosten did not read both volumes of LDBT completely and carefully. 1, the LBH usage of qbl, Piel, to receive,... We do not assert what Joosten deduces from his shallow reading. The possibility of an imperative is discussed elsewhere in the literature, e.g. English translations have both options: substantive: TNK, NJB, NRSV; imperative: JPS, NAB, NASB, NIV.The book is historical linguistic in scope and makes extensive use of historical linguistic research on other languages as comparisons to what is done and what should be done in the study of biblical Hebrew. Misinformation and disparagement aside, we have written responses to most of his criticisms, but here we will only discuss briefly his five examples of supposed weakness (unevenness) in philological analysis (pp. 1, the syntax of 2 S ... Apart from Joostens text-critical oversight most likely the LXX translators were translating wayehi and not wehayah as Joosten assumes (cf. 6.16 this is probably not introductory wehayah (and it happened...) but rather a periphrastic construction (and was...entering). We are not trying to say that the items in that column prove that EBH had the same words/roots in similar uses etc. 1, dat, law... See the remarks below on Persian loanwords. Crenshaw, Murphy, Seow, and considered a possibility, but then set aside in favor of the substantive option. So it is quite amazing that Joosten should pick this example to demonstrate our lack of ability in philological analysis. So, in summary, on the basis of his presentation of only these five specific examples Joosten states: Inaccuracies like these do not inspire confidence in Young and Rezetkos [and Ehrensvärds?But we are willing to set forth again some of our main ideas and a few points of detail, so here are some boiled down responses. We agree with Hendel wholeheartedly when he says elsewhere: In the case of the Hebrew Bible it is difficult to define what the original means, since each book is the product of a complicated and often unrecoverable history of composition and redaction.The original text that lies somewhere behind the archetype is usually not the product of a single author, but a collective production, sometimes constructed over centuries, perhaps comparable to the construction of a medieval cathedral or the composite walls of an old city (Hendel, The Oxford Hebrew Bible: Prologue to a New Critical Edition , p. Of course we are aware of the complexity of the formation of the books of the Tanak, and that the historical linguistics of biblical Hebrew should not be separated from other disciplines such as literary criticism and textual criticism.In fact we argue that the extra-biblical evidence argues against the standard model.There are potentially many other interesting issues to discuss.Once again note what we were arguing and in what context in regard to Persian loanwords.We were first of all countering the claims made by MT-only scholarship that it is a very significant result that no Persian words are found in early sources.